TERMS – OPTIONS:
At Promfin Foundation, the financing projects options for MSW sustainable landfill developments comprise funding technologies that can involve debt and/or equity injection. We are able to ensure up to 100% debt capitalization which is accessible for appropriate business types. Other variants can comprise up to 100% loan to cost/value by using debt in conjunction with equity infusion. A typical correlation of debt to equity can be 90% / 10% but may differ according to the business type. The first important project demands for financing sustainable landfill development is clearly to obtain the land. It is not so terrifying if you empower this challenge to be solved by the appropriate professional consultant.
The developing of landfill may be accomplished with 100% debt and/or equity as previously mentioned having a seriously prepared business plan. This signifies minimal investment demands from the financiers and developers. On the programs with 100% debt only, payment grace periods for up to about 3 years admit your cash flow settling before servicing the debt is demanded. Some creditor/depositors don’t claim the securitization or mortgage of physical assets for loan destinations. The programs with 100% debt permit to the sponsors to hold all of the equity among themselves. The tax credits are actually held down by the financiers on these programs. The schedules of payment amortization reaching 20 years allow a settled cash flow.
Developing such kind of projects showed that utilization of semi-aerobic process in the form of remediation tool reduce the hazards and risks which were typically determined in anaerobic waste milieu (great pathogen mortality and lower methane). Therefore, in waste milieu where in the past the excavation could be dangerous, semi-aerobic landfill projects can be held to permit waste mining after their degradation.
In these projects into the waste is injected air and leachate through vertical wells, in this case the speed of biodegradation rises by 50%, leachate BOD decrease by 65%, methane production drops by 90% and Non-Methane Organic Compound levels decrease by 75%. The tests proved that MSW degrades at an essentially faster rate under semi-aerobic than anaerobic conditions, are lower the volume and concentration of the leachate and decrease the amount of generated methane.
Also after excavations the collected samples from waste show that the largest fraction (over 40%) presents a suitable soil/compost with satisfactory humidity (25%). The resulting compost has few odors and is biologically steady. More than 30% of the remaining materials are plastic products, metals and glass, with inert materials as the balance. The materials containing Lignin (e.g. wood and paper) decay somewhat. The analysis from the laboratory indicates that soluble salts, metals and pH are within secure ranges, and in the materials there are not detected pathogens.
The fast waste degradation process available in these landfills, allow the operators to reduce risks, to decrease post-closure maintenance, to recuperate airspace, and to perform more benefits in comparable small period of time than naturally. After waste mining and materials recovery, the landfill can be operated 30 years more.